Eugenio Crumiere (textile technician), born in Annonay but technically raised in Alsace, moved to Val Pellice at the end of the 19th century to start his own production business here.
In those years in Val Pellice there were several productive settlements:
- in 1833 the Mazzonis factory in Pralafera Luserna S.G. was founded.
- in 1855 the Mazzonis Manufacture of Torre Pelice
- in 1892 the Turati Brothers Society in Luserna S.G.
- In 1901 Vaciago a Luserna S.G.
Since the Middle Ages, the Pinerolo area has always been a territory rich in paper mills, given the large presence of water and wood. At the beginning of the 1900s there were still five paper mills in this area.
Eugenio Crumiere, after having founded, with a partner, a small spinning business that produced for Mazzonis in Ciambone in Torre Pellice, in 1904 he moved to Villar Pellice to found a felt factory, taking over a site that previously, among other activities, was also a mill.
As it is known, felt is an indispensable product for paper mills, as well as for other industrial activities.
Val Pellice, from the last period of the nineteenth century until about 1960, was a valley full of manufacturing activities. In the mid-1960s, the serious crisis of Mazzonis, which will soon be followed by that of Riv, Beloit and Talco e Grafite (to name the major ones), will hit the entire industrial system in the area. The crisis in the printing and spinning works of Baron Mazzonis will risk bringing a large part of the economy to its knees throughout the Valley.
After several moments of expansion and reduction of activity, the felt factory had come to employ one hundred and fifty employees, in certain periods even for two daily shifts.
At the beginning of the 1980s, the Villar Pellice plant was no longer part of the group’s strategies and therefore began a progressive disengagement that led to the bankruptcy of Crumiere S.p.A. in 1986.
The Ecomuseum today
Since the bankruptcy of Crumière s.p.a., in the same 1986, nineteen working partners have constituted the “Società Cooperativa Nuova Crumière”, taking over equipment, building, residual assets, customer portfolio and orders.
Today the “Nuova Crumière” has 41 employees including partners and workers and has a production of the highest quality and technological level, consisting mainly of fabric tapes for the food industry (biscuit factories) and felts for paper mills for artistic and high quality uses.
The customer portfolio has expanded all over the world and mainly in Europe, Asia, South America and Africa.
The impressive and important structure of the former felt factory remains, which has become a museum and, as such, recognized as an ecomuseum by the Piedmont Region since 6 November 2012 with the name of “Ecomuseo Feltrificio Crumière”.
As a prominent element of this network, he actively participated in 4 editions of the Eco and Narciso review (from 2005/6 to 2011) hosting emerging artists such as the photographer Marzia Migliora, the director Elisabetta Benassi or university working groups such as the students of the University specialization course in design at the Konstfack in Stockholm.
Since 2013, the Ecomuseum has been managed by the cultural association “Amici dell’Ecomuseo Crumiere” which has maintained the peculiarities of the previous management, developing the Ecomuseum’s mission as a cultural aggregation center.
Last year, at the Crumiere Ecomuseum several concerts, conferences on nutrition and organic agriculture of excellence were held in collaboration with Auser Valpellice and Scuola Malva-Arnaldi and an exhibition of engravings entitled “Verismo e le Scuole Piemontesi “.
In 2016, a photographic and pictorial exhibition entitled “the language of nature, from the vision of art to science” was held or is scheduled for July. In August-September an exhibition-conference on mycology entitled “a trio of mushrooms alla Crumiere”, and a collective painting entitled “Vertical distances”.
Times and methods of entry
Open every Sunday from 3pm to 6pm and on any other day, by reservation, for groups of at least 10 people with guided tours between 10am and 12pm and 3pm and 6pm. Annual opening from April 15 to September 30.
Admission prices: € 5.00 with guided tour included.
Workshops and conference spaces
There is a vast educational offer for adults, for families, for schools of all levels. In the Crumiere Ecomuseum, training workshops are held on the creative use of wool and felt. The themes are diversified and customized based on the age, needs and manual skills of the participants. The recipients can be individuals, groups, primary and secondary schools, associations, the disabled and families.
Spaces are available for conferences, book presentations, exhibitions, seminars, assemblies and various events.
Address: Piazza Jervis, 1 – 10060 Villar Pellice (TO).
Secretariat phone: +39 320 2656987;
- Accessibility by car
- Accessibility by car